accepting of this lifestyle. Possibly more knowledge should be made accessible to the people

through such media as television, magazine articles, and higher education systems. Without
Additional advice about the lifestyle, preconceived attitudes and prejudices will continue
to prosper. Through my studies and observations on social nudism, I find that the lifestyle can
be quite wholesome and beneficial to one's thoughts, body, and spirit.
Title: Early childhood exposure to parental nudity and scenes of parental sexuality
('primal scenes'): an 18-year longitudinal study of outcome
Date: 1998
Author: Paul Okami, Richard Olmstead, Paul R. Abramson, Laura Pendleton
Publication: Archives of Sexual Behavior. Volume: 27. Issue: 4
Growing amounts of academic researchers and clinicians have proposed that conducts
such as exposure of a child to parental nudity or scenes of parental sexuality ("primal
scenes") make up subtle forms of sexual abuse that formerly have gone unrecognized
(Atteberry Bennett, 1987; Bolton, Morris and MacEachron, 1989; cf. Bottfield, 1992;
Conte, cited in Best, 1990; Haynes-Seman and Krugman, 1989; Kritsberg, 1993; Krug,
1989; Lewis and Janda, 1988; Sroufe and Fleeson, 1986). Such subtle sexual abuse referred to as syndromes like "motherly seductiveness," "emotional incest syndrome,"
"Psychological sexual abuse," "secret sexual abuse," and "sexualized focus" - may also
include less easily defined behaviors for example parent "flirtatiousness," or unsuitable and
excessive displays of physical affection (cf. Sroufe and Fleeson, 1986).
As Okami (1995) suggested, nevertheless, such dilemma isn't fresh. That's, although these

"syndromes" have recently entered the discussion on sexual abuse, some of
that constitute them have long held positions in the pantheon of improper parenting
practices. For example, two decades past, Esman (1973) discovered that just one of these
practices - exposure of the child to primal scenes - has been indicted in 75 years of
psychoanalytic, psychiatric, and psychological literature as the principal etiologic agent in
Almost every kind of kid and adult pathology. However, Esman reasoned that, "One
is moved to wonder whether we are here faced with one of those scenarios in which
a theory, by describing everything, succeeds in describing nothing" (pp. 64-65).
In the present article we report results of the first longitudinal investigation of long-term
correlates of exposure to parental nudity and primal scenes. Behaviors including parent
flirtatiousness and inappropriate displays of physical affection weren't examined
because at the time the study was imagined (early 1970s) few, if any, commentators
considered such behaviours to be critically debatable.
Exposure to Parental Nudity
Data bearing on the question of long-term outcomes of the variables in question are
Extremely scant, although speculative hypotheses - often framed as authoritative
pronouncements of fact - are simple to come by (Okami, 1995). For instance, just three
empirical posts have addressed the problem of childhood exposure to parent and other
adult nudity: Lewis and Janda (1988); Oleinick et al. (1966); and Storyline (1979). In several
other cases, illustrative, self-report studies of societal nudist or other groups practicing
casual nudity have been conducted without comparison groups (Berger, 1977; Hartman et
al., 1991; Johnson and Deisher, 1973; Smith and Sparks, 1986). In general, the tone of all

of this work is antialarmist, representing childhood exposure to nudity as benign.
Besides these provisional efforts to collect , writings on this subject consist of
theory-driven clinical opinion and commentaries by child-rearing specialists. In comparison
to the above mentioned empirical work, the clinical writings typically reflect the opinion
that exposure to nudity may be traumatic as an effect of (i) untimely and excessive
stimulation in a manner controlled by the grownup, leaving the kid feeling powerless; (ii)
the child's negative comparison between his or her own human body and the grownup's; or
(iii) the intensification of Oedipal want and consequent stress (Baruch, 1959, additionally
Mentioned in Lewis and Janda, 1988, p. 350; DeCecco and Shively, 1977; Justice and Justice,
1979; Peltz, 1977; Solnit, 1977; Spock, 1945).
Given the vehemence with which clinicians and child-rearing specialists regularly condemn
Youth exposure to parental nudity, it really is paradoxical that their dire forecasts are not
supported by the (scant) empirical work that does exist. Findings are at worst neutral or
ambiguous as to interpretation, and there's even the implication of possible positive
Advantages in these studies (especially for boys) in domains for example self-reported relaxation
with physical affection (Lewis and Janda, 1988) and positive "body self-concept" (Story,
1979). Although these investigations are methodologically limited, their results are
consistent with the perspective of a smaller group of child-rearing specialists and other

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